Causes of War with Spain - short version:
2. Cuba was close to the U.S., and many Americans were sympathetic to the cause of liberty.
3. Many US businesses had sugar plantations in Cuba and didn't want to pay taxes to Spain's government.
Results of the War with Spain:
1.Cuba was granted freedom from Spain.
2. Spain "gave" the territories of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam to the U.S.
3. Spain sold the Philippines to the U.S. for 20 million dollars.
4.The U.S. navy now had naval bases in the Pacific Ocean, close to Japan and China.
5. The US becomes a World Power.
The Spanish-American War and World War I
By the beginning of the 20th century, the USA had undergone major changes. Cities reached for the sky and were linked by cars and railroads, new citizens from all over the world brought energy and optimism, and the economy was soon to become the richest in the world.
American steel, American inventions, and American ambitions seemed to have no limit. Expanding US territory beyond the North American continent seemed to be the next logical step for the nation whose "business was business". The new century would see the building of a canal linking the Pacific to the Atlantic, seizing Hawaii, and bargaining with lives and money to acquire territories around the world.
The owning of territory outside of the country's boundaries was seen as a way to prove that the U.S. was not just a "new kid on the block". France, Great Britain, Spain, and Germany had all seized and controlled other lands for centuries and if it was good enough for those great nations many Americans thought that was the way to go for the USA.
Many Americans were concerned we would become "Imperialistic", reminding those with visions of world involvement that the US had fought against being controlled by foreign governments in our American Revolution. It seemed hypocritical to many that some wanted to become that which we had fought against: a country that wanted to control others and impose our way of life upon them. The first half of the new century saw the US embroiled in two wars trying to settle the question of just how much world involvement should we take on.
We will study both The Spanish-American War (1898) and WWI (1917-1918) in this unit. We will be using a variety of sources to try to understand how the US became a world power. Please take advantage of the Interactive Notes and Study Guides on this website (Links, Textbook, Games page), and Quizlet flashcards, Ducksters and Kahoot.
Start with the blue link to Ducksters to read about the Spanish-American War. There's an audio button at the bottom of the link's page if you wish to listen as you read along. Then take the practice quiz at the bottom of the link's page to test your knowledge.
After we've learned about the Spanish-American War, we will turn to WWI. The button link below will take you to some background information: